List of Abstracts

CONFRONTING THE RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN THE CONCEPT OF WASATIYYAH AND MODERATE

Muhamad Sayuti Mansor[1]; Rahimin Affandi Abdul Rahim[2]; Mohd Anuar Ramli[3]; Mohd Imran Abdul Razak[4]

Email: sayuti_mansor@siswa.um.edu.my

University of Malaya

 

ABSTRACT

The emergence of terrorism phenomena especially after the 9/11 tragedy that linked to problem of religious extremism in Islam had managed to draw the attention of scholars to study the Muslim society. In this case, the focus of their studies is the Muslim society in the Southeast Asia, that had been called as the second front in facing the religious extremism. Throughout their studies, these scholars especially from the West tried to classify the tendency of thought among the Southeast Asian’s Muslims into moderate-extreme dichotomy. Nevertheless, this dichotomy is seemingly problematic as it was biased when it tries to generalize the whole population of society that strive for sharia aspiration as extreme. As the consequence, it promotes the islamophobia among the West toward Muslim societies. As the response to this issue, the Muslim scholars had brought forward the concept of wasatiyyah as the equivalent of the moderate concept that is more appropriate within the Islamic perspective. This research will analyze the difference between these two concept and the different that it will bring practically in preventing the religious extremism in Southeast Asia. It will compare the methodology and characteristics used between these two concept in classifying the tendency of thought among the Southeast Asian’s Muslim. This research found out that the concept of wasatiyyah is more appropriate and precise to apply in preventing the religious extremism as compared to the moderate concept that was influenced by the islamophobia way of thinking.

Keywords: Islamophobia, Moderate, Religious extremism, Southeast Asia, Terrorism, Wasatiyyah.

[1] Calon Pasca Siswazah (PhD), Jabatan Fiqh dan Usul, Universiti Malaya Kuala Lumpur. Email : sayuti_mansor@siswa.um.edu.my

[2] Professor Madya, Jabatan Fiqh dan Usul, Universiti Malaya Kuala Lumpur.

[3] Pensyarah Kanan (PhD), Jabatan Fiqh dan Usul, Universiti Malaya Kuala Lumpur.

[4] Calon Pasca Siswazah (PhD), Jabatan Fiqh dan Usul, Universiti Malaya Kuala Lumpur.

 

DETERMINANT OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE IN COMPANIES LISTED IN JAKARTA ISLAMIC INDEX

Uus Ahmad Husaeni

Email: uusahmadhusaeni@unsur.ac.id

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, Universitas Suryakancana

 

ABSTRACT

Capital structure was a permanent financing consisting of long-term debt, preferred stock, and shareholder capital. Therefore, it was necessary to examine whether internal factors including company size, liquidity, ROA (Return on Assets) and sales growth affect the capital structure of companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index. This study aims to examine the effect of company size, liquidity, ROA (Return on Assets) and sales growth on the capital structure. Analysis used in this research was multiple linear regression analysis. The result of the research simultaneously showed that company size, liquidity, Return on Asset (ROA) and sales growth have significant influence to the capital structure of companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index, while the rest was explained by other factors not included in this research.

Keywords: Internal Factors, Capital Structure, Sharia Issuer, and Multiple Regression.

 

THE NEEDS FOR OFFICIAL SHARIAH COMPLIANCE AUDIT INSTITUTION TO PROTECT CUSTOMERS OF ISLAMIC BANKING: AN APPLICATION THROUGH

Hisbah Sanusi Abdul Manaf

Email: sanusi@unikl.edu.my

Student Development and Campus Lifestyle Division, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, 119 Jalan 7/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Department of Siasah Shariah, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Bharudin Che Pa

Email: bharudin@um.edu.my

Department of Siasah Shariah, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor (corresponding author)

Email: m_roslan@um.edu.my

Tel: +603 79676012

Department of Islamic History and Civilization, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

 

ABSTRACT

The emergence of Islamic banking system in most banks in Malaysia nowadays bring a new era in Malaysian banking industry. One of the contributing factors which lead people to adopt Islamic banking system is their awareness of the serious and intolerable prohibition of riba. Some of the the ways to ensure customers are well protected is to establish hisbah institution as shariah compliance audit body. The establishment of hisbah institution allows it to stop the violation of Allah’s prohibition and protect the society. With the establishment of the institution, it can play an important role to solicit advice and to monitor performance so that the banks operate strictly as according to the Islamic regulations.

Keywords: Shariah audit, Islamic banking system, customers, Hisbah, riba.

 

EARLY ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF LIGHT POLLUTION IN MALAYSIA ACCORDING TO ISLAMIC AND ASTRONOMY PERSPECTIVES

Raihana Abdul Wahab; Nazhatulshima Ahmad; Mohd Saiful Anwar Mohd Nawawi,

Email: raihanawahab@um.edu.my

Email: n_ahmad@um.edu.my

Email: saifulanwar@um.edu.my

University of Malaya

 

ABSTRACT

Light pollution from artificial light is a major problem in astronomy activities and research that require a very dark sky. Among the major problems caused by light pollution is the difficulty in differentiating kazib dawn from sadiq dawn in order to determine early dawn.  In this regard, the study aims to explain the effects of light pollution and the importance of environmental protection, particularly the night sky , for astral astronomical research activities based on Islamic perspectives and to measure the  effects of observation  by applying techniques in modern astronomy through the observation of  sky brightness  For this study, sky brightness data are  collected  at selected locations in Malaysia  where  astronomical activities  are conducted  by zones  to measure the impact of light pollution on  the area. The collection of data is carried out   after the disappearance of shafaq ahmar using the Sky Quality Meter (SQM). The results of this study show that some areas of light pollution interfere with the astronomical activities of the area. Based on the Bortle scale, the sky on the scale of 1-excellent dark sky site, scale 2-typical truly dark site, scale 3 -rural sky, scale 8-city sky, and scale 9- inner sky city.  Hence, this study finds that areas that do not experience light pollution effects are suitable for carrying out or conducting astronomical activities and research. There are also areas that undergo light pollution effects which should be taken seriously for policy in making by the government so that the quality of the night sky does not affect astronomy activities and research in the area.

Keywords: astronomy, light pollution, observatory, sky brightness.

 

STUDY IN SILICO OF NONSTRUCTURAL-4A GENE OF ZIKA VIRUS  FOR ZIKA FEVER VACCINE

Yani Suryani1; Opik Taupiqurrohman1; Sri Rahayu Ningsih1; Muhammad Yusuf2 ; Sukma Nuswantara 3; Toto Subroto 2

Email: yani.suryani@uinsgd.ac.id

1) Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, State Islamic University of Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
2) Department of Chemistry, University of Pdjadjaran
3) Sandia Biotech Diagnostic Centre, Santosa Hospital Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

Zika fever is a disease caused by Zika virus infection (ZIKV) that is transmitted to humans by Aedes aegypti mosquito. This fever can cause disability in the body organs. One of the effective efforts prevention for Zika fever is vaccination. The aim of this study is to obtain sequences of epitope/peptide for Zika fever vaccine from the non-structural-4A gene of Zika virus. This gene is very potentials as a source of epitope vaccine candidates because it is not homologous with the human genome and very immunogen. The process of vaccine candidate search is done through immunoinformatics approach. The results showed that the sequence of peptide MLLGLLGTV (Methionine, Leucine, Leucine, Glycine, Leucine, Leucine, Glycine, Threonine, and valine) had a strong affinity with the major histocompatibility complex protein I (MHC I), it is proofed with a very low free energy value compared to the control, that is -1502.16 Kcal/mol and -1390.25 Kcal/mol, respectively. Based on this, the sequence of MLLGLLGTV is a potential for Zika fever vaccine candidate

Keywords: Zika Fever; Immunoinformatics; Nonstructural Gene

 

MODERATION IN ISLAM VS. EXTREMISM: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF QUR’AN AND PROPHETIC SUNNAH

Dr. Ismail Abdullah

Email: ismailla1771@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT

Islam commands love, mercy and peace in order to maintain equilibrium in human life at both individual and social levels. The Qur’an and   Prophetic Sunnah asti are full of such statements. Indeed, Islam is a religion which teaches non-violence, peaceful life, development and human progress. Thus, Islam combats false assumptions among some Muslims; including youths, who legitimize the use of extremism as well as believing in its effectiveness for the propagation of their thoughts and actions. These youths zealously carry out the task of their superiors in the name of religion with a craving for the guaranteed entry into paradise. This misunderstanding has resulted in negative perceptions over Islam and the Muslims in the West. This paper aims to highlight Islamic teachings on moderation as opposed to extremism. The ultimate purpose is to correct the misconception that Islam permits extremism through critical and rational analysis elucidated in two fundamental sources of Islam, the Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah.

Keywords: Qur’an;  Sunnah; Moderation; Extremism; and Misconception.

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF WASATIYYAH CONCEPT IN ISLAMIC CONSUMERISM IN MALAYSIA

Norhidayah Binti Pauzi; Saadan Bin Man

Email: da_my85@um.edu.my

Email: saadan@um.edu.my

University of Malaya

 

ABSTRACT

Wasatiyyah is a concept that has been long entrenched in the soul of Malay Muslim society. However, in several issues of Islamic consumerism, they tend put blame on JAKIM and the players of halal industry as they are seen to have failed in assuring continuous halal supply to Muslim consumers. There have also been some provocative perceptions from Muslim community which may lead to negative image of Islam. This paper will discuss on the implementation of wasatiyyah concept in Islamic consumerism. Documentation method is applied in collecting research’s datas. This research finds that the excessive attitude of some individuals and Muslim consumer groups who frequently give negative speculation on halal issues that lead to the breach of wasatiyyah concept in Islamic consumerism. This also involves their naive and excessive interpretations of halal and haram regarding food production and services which often creates confusion amongst Muslim consumers. This has been a significant factor that contrast to the wasatiyyah concept which should be adopted in Malays Muslim community.

Keywords: Wasatiyyah, Islamic consumerism, halal industry, Malaysia

 

GLOBAL MOVEMENT OF MODERATES: BUILDING BRIDGES BREAKING BARRIERS

Nasharudin Mat Isa; Hamzah Kamarudin; Zuraidah Juliana Mohamad Yusoff

Email: nmi@gmmoderates.org

Email: hk@gmmoderates.org

Email: jue@gmmoderates.org

University of Malaya

 

ABSTRACT

The panorama of the present world’s situation clearly demonstrates that security as going through a period of gradual erosion. Issues of turbulence and violence which is oft-heard and watched through the lenses of mass media has given rise to a lot of negativity and concern to many parties, especially in the political agenda of the world. The emergence of some to conspire in extreme acts as a form of a solution to resolving conflicts and achieving objectives has only led to further worries on the state of security within this world, and with it the values of peace among people. Logically, the birth of extremism that triggered divisions and tyranny is due to the ignorance of knowledge and negative mindset. In addressing this issue, the concept of moderation has been adopted as the basis of thought and actions toward overcoming extremist tendencies, and to inadvertently instill a sense of unity. As a result, the Global Movement of Moderates Foundation (GMMF) was established as an initiative to act as a center for merging and disseminating information and campaign materials on moderation towards eradicating extremism. Based on these backgrounds, this paper will present the rationale for the establishment of GMMF based on the Foundation’s seven key initiatives and how it operates in spreading the moderation campaign. It will also discuss briefly the concept of GMMF’s engagement in fostering national and global peace which involves local, regional and international modus operandi.

Keywords: Moderation, Extremism, Global Movement of Moderates

 

RELIGIOSITY OF ISLAMIC CRIMINAL LAW: A PHENOMENON OF MODERATE OF ISLAM

Abdurrahman Raden Aji Haqqi

E-mail: abdurrahman.haqqi@unissa.edu.bn

Senior Lecturer Cum Head of Postgraduate Programme, Faculty of Shariah and Law

Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali (UNISSA), Brunei Darussalam

 

ABSTRACT

Islam is a moderate religion which follows a middle course between exaggeration and negligence, extremism and total rejection of religion. This moderation pervades all acts of worship and rituals.  The fundamental premises of Islamic law are that Allah has revealed His will for human-kind in the Holy Quran and the inspired example of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him), and that society’s law must conform to Allah’s revealed will. The scope of Islamic law is broader than the common law or civil law. In addition to core legal doctrines covering the family, wrongs, procedure, and commercial transactions, Islamic law also includes detailed rules regulating religious ritual and social etiquette. In Islam, religiosity is not asceticism in monasteries nor is it chattering from the pulpits. Instead, it is behaving in a manner that is requested from the Creator under all circumstances, places and times, in belief, statement and actions. Historically, law and religion have never been completely separated. They have never been so independent as to achieve complete autonomy from each other. Religion has essentially been embodied in legal systems, even in those that have aspired to privatize religion. Based on this fact, this paper discusses such fact on specific theme of Islamic law that is criminal law which means the body of law dealing with wrongs that are punishable by the state with the object of deterrence is known as criminal law.

Keywords: moderate – islamic law – religiosity – the will of god – criminal

 

OPTIMIZING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2013 NATIONAL CURRICULUM FOR THE SUBJECT OF ISLAMIC RELIGION EDUCATION AND CHARACTER

Ujang Dedih; Undang Burhanudin; Hariman Surya Siregar; Hamdan Sugilar

Email: harimansuryasiregar@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

Curriculum is the heart of education. Therefore, the existing curriculum should be adapted to the need and the current challenges. The research is aimed at describing and analyzing the implementation of the 2013 national curriculum at State Senior High Schools within Bandung city regions. The research employed descriptive method with Mixed Method. The subjects of this study are students at State Senior High Schools within Bandung city regions. Dealing with the technique of data collection, the research used documentation, observation, and interview. The research concludes that: (1) the implementation of religiosity and social attitude among the students of State Senior High School within Bandung city regions is categorized good with the average score 15; (2) the implementation of knowledge dimension among the students of State Senior High School within Bandung city regions is categorized very good with average score 90; (3) the implementation of skills among the students of State Senior High School within Bandung city regions is categorized very good with the average score 84.58; (4) therefore, the scientific approach and authentic assessment for the teaching of Islamic Religion Education subject and Character can be well implemented in State Senior High School within Bandung city regions.

Keywords: National Curriculum; Islamic Religion Education; Character

 

WASATIYYAH APPROACHES IN CONTEMPORARY BRUNEI DARUSSALAM’S ECONOMIC SYSTEM

hajah nurul nabilah haji ali

Email: nabilah.hjali@unissa.edu.bn

Unissa

 

ABSTRACT

Wasatiyyah concept is often referred to as the appropriate method practiced in the application of all aspects of human life. This is due to the fact that moderation and balance is the best approach in eliminating extremism in all matters including economy. Relevance of wasatiyyah is seen through the elements of fairness, balance, best and justice in implementing economic system to conduct more balanced approach and more accurate than the models, concepts, and theories of conventional economic system.  Brunei Darussalam has developed progressively since 1967, particularly in the area of economy, for instance being one of the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita countries in the world. Nonetheless, there are still plenty of areas to improve on particularly in terms of diversifying the economy, poverty, efficient management of funds and many more. Therefore, this chapter aims to describe the history and development of the economy of Brunei for the past five decades, to determine the role of wasatiyyah in Brunei’s economy, to study whether the present economy is implementing the elements of wasatiyyah or respectively. This study will use the method of document analysis to discuss the matter in composite. Hence, it is hoped that the implementation of these values will support Brunei to achieve one of its 2035 visions that is ‘dynamic and sustainable economy with income per capita within the top countries in the world’.

Keywords: Islam, Wasatiyyah, Implementation, role, history, development, vision 2035 and economic system

 

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE POLICY OF TEACHER’S COMPETENCE IN PRACTICING RELIGIOUS TEACHING IN MADRASAH

Heris Hermawan; Ade Iwan Ridwanullah; Hary Priatna Sanusi

Email: hermawan_a98@yahoo.co.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

A teacher has significant roles and functions in improving the quality of a nation. The quality of national education will determine the nation’s quality. However, a part of this noble fact, a teacher is also faced with essential problems related to the low competency. The problem lies on the unimplemented policy related to the teacher’s competence.
The framework of the study is based on the theoretical from George C. Edward III that says the successfulness of policy implementation will be influenced by these following four elements – communication, manpower, attitude, and bureaucracy. The study is also based on the policy of teacher that is Laws on a teacher and a lecturer no. 14 year 2005, the laws issued by the ministry of religious affairs no. 16 year 2010 on administering education at school, and the government law no. 74 year 2008 on teachers.

The research aims at finding out: 1.The implementation of a policy in model representation of madrasas in West Java; 2. The competency of a teacher at model representation of madrasas in West Java; 3.The practice of religious teaching at model representation of madrasas in West Java; 4.The supporting and drawback factors of the implementation of teacher competence; 5. The advantages and the limitation of the implementation of the policy of teacher competence; 6. The implication of the policy of teacher competence in practicing of religious teaching at model representation of madrasas in West Java.
The research used qualitative approach, and was conducted in three different research sites – MAN 1 Bandung, MAN Cipasung Tasikmalaya, and MAN Ciwaringin Cirebon. The three research sites above were chosen due to their school status as model representation of a madrasa in West Java. The data were collected through observations, interviews, documents, and questionnaires, followed by editing, coding, and meaning the data obtained from the data collections above.
The research summarized the following results: 1.The implementation of a policy in model representation of a madrasa has been running effectively due to the action conducted by the policy makers to implement the principles and approaches related to communciation, manpower, attitudes, and beaucracies when implementing the policy; 2. The teacher competence has determined the professional teacher; 3. The practice of religious teaching has described the dimension of religious practices dynamically and systematically; 4. The supporting factors consist of a qualified man power, adequate structures and infrastructures, the atmospheres of excellent academic and spirituality, and the supports from all elements of madrasas. In a meanwhile, the drawbacks factors consist of the availability of incomplete SOP (Standard Operating Procedures), the attitudes toward the new policy that need to be improved, the contacts with parents are still limited, a need to develop the relation with the kiyai (the teacher) at Pesantren (the Islamic boarding school) and ; 5. The advantages appear in the form of man power, adequate structures and infra-structures, excellent achievements, fullday classes, leaderships, and the high occurance of religious teaching practices; 6. The implication of the policy of teacher competence in cultivating the practice of religious teaching in madrasashas contributed to the improvement of madrasa quality, the improvement of teacher competence and performance, and a good deed and achievement of he students.

From the conclusions above, the study recommends as follows: for the decision makers, they have to consider types of principles and programs in implementing the policy and the upgrading of teacher competence; for teachers, they have to develop the principles and programs of upgrading teacher competence; for headmasters, teachers, and other school components to maintain the practice of religious teaching to become a school culture.

Keywords: Implementation of the Policy;Teacher’s competence;Religious Teaching practice

 

WOMEN CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE HUMANS DEVELOPMENT: A STUDY AT THE SELANGOR WOMEN PROTECTION CENTER

Nurul Husna Mansor; Monika @ Munirah Abd Razzak; Nik Mohd Zaim Ab Rahim

Email: nurulhusna@um.edu.my

Email: nmzaim.kl@utm.my

Email: munirahar@um.edu.my

University of Malaya

 

ABSTRACT

Women have occupied positions as important as men in fulfilling their roles towards the development of a nation. Evidently, women have contributed beyond their traditional domestic responsibilities as wives and mothers, in fact they have been actively participated in various employment sectors, both locally and abroad. In addition, The National Women Policy has already put in place the strategic planning and approaches to empower women towards establishing well educated and trained human resources among women to contribute competitively in nation building activities. In reference to the contribution of women in various fields, this study however focuses on the contributions of women employees in dealing with issues and solving problems faced by women specifically at the Baitul Ehsan and Darul Wardah, both are under the purview of the Selangor Women Protection Center. This study is in the form of case study which utilizes qualitative approaches. The data for this study is obtained via interviews and observations on six employees who work at the centers, who are selected on objective consensual sampling basis. The study reveals that the women employees who work at the centers have played good roles in listening and dealing with the problems faced by their subjects. Moreover, the employees are known to be very committed and render undivided supports towards the efforts and programs to spiritually and physically develop women who are facing problems with lives, by appropriate means.

Keywords: Women Protection Center Employees, Humans Development, Women Contributions, Women Protection Center Occupants

 

PROTOTYPE OF THE ARAB SCHOOL IN THE KINGDOM OF SAMBAS OF WEST BORNEO IN THE EARLY 20th CENTURY

Erwin Mahrus

Email: erwinmahrus@gmail.com

State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Pontianak, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

In West Borneo, of the fourteen sultanates that one existed, Sambas was the most dynamic Malay kingdom in its intellectual history. Sambas was once known as the “Terrace of Mecca” in West Kalimantan. It was due to the fact that this area has many scholars who once lived and studied for years in the Holy Land of Mecca. Its strategic position on the international navigational silk line, making Sambas one of the Islamic religious learning centers at that time. Unsurprisingly, then the oldest educational institution in West Kalimantan was initiated by the the Kingdom of Sambas.

This paper aims to examine the Kingdom of Sambas education system. As a philological study, the primary source of this research is the manuscript of Sepatah Kata tentang al-Madrasah al-Sultaniyah (An Overview of the Sultan’s School – hereafter referred to and abbreviated as SKMS). Departing from this study, some important findings have been revealed. First, since the beginning, this so-called Arab School rejected the subsidies of the Colonial Government. The reason was clear. It did not want to be contaminated by the mission and colonial interests. The financial source of education was entirely derived from royal funding called the baitul mal. This is related to the education financing policies applied. Second, the aims of establishing the Arab School, the background of teachers, learners, and the curriculum used have been identified. Third, the contribution of the Arab School. With the charisma of a visionary sultan supported by scholars and competent instructors, this Arab School served as center to prepare candidates for government offices and the establishment of religious society in this region and its surroundings.

Keywords: Arab School, Kingdom of Sambas,  prototype.

 

EFFECTIVENESS OF DZIKIR THERAPY IN IMPROVING RELIGIOUS COMMITMENTS OF STUDENTS

Ulfiah

Email: ulfiah@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

One of the challenges of future education is the continuity of value education. In order for the noble values to be referenced in the conduct, it can be transformed from generation to generation, especially in order to dismiss the negative impacts of social change, continuous efforts must be made in various activities in order to increase its diverse commitments.
Building a society including a moral and civilized young generation is a responsibility and a challenge, as building character requires awareness and participation of all parties. The challenge comes from within and outside the country due to an unstoppable flow of information. The phenomenon of juvenile delinquency until now is still happening like bullying, smoking and even drinking.

The study was conducted on students with problems in MTs Kota Bandung by using qualitative approach. Respondents who collected A total of 50 students. Can be known from 50 students, who do not smoke only 4 people, while not hard maximum 5 people. Knowing this, of course, need to be prepared by qualified individuals, and the need for evolutionary therapy to increase its diverse commitments.
One of the services used in addressing these problem students by using dhikr therapy. It is proven that Dhikr can control one’s faith in doing the forbidden acts of religion as well as drinking (khomer).

Keywords: dhikr therapy; religious commitment

 

LEARNING OUTCOMES OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION ON PRAYER MATERIAL THROUGH MASTERY LEARNING

Andewi Suhartini; Rahayu Kariadinata; Oneng

Email: andewi.suhartini@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

Conventional learning that makes learning process unattractive, affects the low motivation to learn. It needs innovation in learning that is able to attract students. Mastery learning is one of the learning approaches that optimize efforts to enable students to achieve a complete level of competency mastery. This study aims to determine the improvement of learning outcomes of students in PAI material before and after the applied approach of Mastery Learning. The research method used is mix method, with the sequential exploratory model. Population in this research is the student of class VII. Sample technique used is random sampling by shuffling and yielding two selected classes that are class VII-05 as control class and class VII-06 as experiment class. The result of this research is that there is an increase of learning result of Islamic Education students before and after applying the mastery learning approach. This can be seen from the average value of its N-gain is 0,540 in the medium category. There are significant differences in PAI learning outcomes among students using conventional mastery learning. This is evident from the posttest results of both classes. The average post grade applying the mastery learning approach is 76.47, while the conventional class is 71.56. The effect of this approach to learning achievement suggests that the development of learning models is very important.

Keywords: Learning Outcomes; Prayer Material; Mastery Learning

 

THE INTELLECTUAL HISTORY BEHIND THE TRADITION OF WRITING QUR`ANIC  COMMENTARIES IN INDONESIA

Dadang Darmawan; Nurwajah Ahmad EQ; Solahudin

Email: dadangdarmawan76@gmail.com

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

The study of qur`anic commentaries in Indonesia is no longer a novelty. Nowadays, many publications on this topic can be easily found. However, a serious research approaching this issue from the perspective of intellectual history is still very rare. This study was aimed at describing various “zeitgeist” that have encouraged Indonesians from different periods to write their own qur`anic commentaries. The Method used was intellectual history, including steps of collecting, verifying, interpreting and presenting the data. The findings of this study showed several ideas behind the Indonesians tradition of writing qur`anic commentaries. The findings led this study to a conclusion that the ideas behind the Indonesians tradition of writing qur`anic commentaries has always changed according to the challanges faced.

Keywords: Qur`an Commentaries, Tafsir in Indonesia, History of Tafsir, Vernakularisasi

 

SPIRITUAL CAPITAL OF ISLAMIC PHILANTRIPHY IN WEST JAVA

Asep Dadan Wildan; Moh. Dulkiah; Aep Saepuloh

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

The article studies spiritual capital of Islamic Philantrophy in West Java. The methodology of this study is Soft Systems Methodology (SSM). Theoretical framework of this study is integration between theory of capital and new institution. The exercise field of this study is Islamic Philantrophy in west Java, especially Bazda in west java. The paradigm of this research is departed from concepts of ideal type as the way of understanding and appreciation of a phenomenon socially, culturally, and psychologically in a deep consideration. Ideal type is hint a picture of reality but more to the aim of describing an ambiguous ‘means of expression’ in the picture. Empirical research attempts to comprehend a social phenomenon placing the observed events or actions with one or more ideal types. This research uses the method of soft systems methodology (SSM). This method of SSM is performed to describe problems consisting bigger social and political effects and analysis by using the concept of human activity as a tool to know a problematical situation to produce actions to raise the situation.
This study finds that social capital would be main key of Islamic Philantrophy for success maintaining and developing its existence and does transformation to other. Quantity and Quality of social capital decide opportunity for success and reward (trust) which is received. In other side, the form of institutional relation on level of Islamic Philantrophy organization (mezzo) in social, politic and economic action is mutual effect.

Keywords: Spiritual Capital, Transformation, Institutionalism

 

ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, PRINCE OF SONGKLA UNIVERSITY (PSU): CONTRIBUTIONS AND CHALLENGES FOR

MALAY MUSLIM COMMUNITY IN THAILAND

Asst. Prof. Dr. Niloh Wae-u-seng,[1]; Dr.Abdulhakam Henpiya,[2]; Dr.Samsoo Sa-U[3]

Prince of  Songkla University

 

ABSTRACT

In Thailand context, Faculty of Islamic Sciences (FIS), Prince of Songkla University, Pattani Campus, is one of the higher educational institutions which plays a vital role not only in disseminating knowledge related to Islamic studies disciplines but also serving as an impetus to the development of Muslim community in southern part of Thailand in particular. This study aims at examining the ongoing development of one of the programs offered by FIS i.e., Islamic educational administration and management program. The focus will be given to its contrition and proposal for the development that would result in strengthening the program to achieve the desired goal. Documentary analysis is used for the study and presentation of the result will be narratively described. It is hoped that the study would give some guidelines for policy implication.

Keyword:  Islamic Educational Administration and Management, Southern part of Thailand

[1] Lecturer, Faculty of Islamic Sciences, Prince of Songkla University

[2] Lecturer, Faculty of Islamic Sciences, Prince of Songkla University

[3] Lecturer, Faculty of Islamic Sciences, Prince of Songkla University

 

THE ROLES OF MUSLIM IN A PARTICIPATION OF POLITIC, GOVERNANCE AND CULTURE

OF SIAM: A CASE STUDY OF IMPORTANT PERSONS IN HISTORY

FROM A LINEAGE OF SUNNI AND SHĪ‘AH MUSLIM IN SIAM

Saman Isma-al(1) Abdullah Numsuk(2)

Prince of  Songkla University

 

ABSTRACT

This research aims to learn about the history of Muslims in Siam, who were directly related to “The role of Muslim in the participation of politic, Governance and culture of Siam: A case study of Important persons in history fro

m a Lineage of Sunni and Shī‘ah Muslim in Siam“, to use the results of this research are knowledge and quality resources for preventing and resolving conflicts of ethnic, religious and identities of Thai people. To help government, Government agencies and private organizations which is organized with government or NGO. And to help the people of Thailand to escape the conflict will lead to the end nation, end of country, end of their dignity on the land that was the birthplace, which they used to be the habitat of the people of Siam, who are comprising by people from various ethnicities, various religions, multicultural, included with each other on the ground of Thailand which was called Siam.

This research is qualitative research. The research is divided into documentary research and field research. In the documentary research that the target group are Sunni and Shī‘ah Muslim in Siam. Divided into five group below: 1. Ethnographic groups of Muslims (Kiak) in Siam. 2. Important persons from two linage of Sunni and Shī‘ah Muslim regarded Sunni linage of Sultan Sulaiman and Shī‘ah linage from sheik Ahmed. 3. Persons who have important roles to Siam, but not from above linages 4. The persons who had major roles but there is ambiguity as Muslims or non-Muslim. 5. The person has evidence that is not a Muslim but they were descended from Muslim linage, who had got knowledge about Islam and Muslims in originally. The time frame from the beginning of Muslims and Islam in south-east Asia in Khmer kingdom of Jen-la, until the era of changing the country’s name from Siam to Thailand. Field research was based on interviews of targeted people who had a role in politic, Governance and culture of Thailand from Sunni lineage, who is still alive. And Shī‘ah lineage who is also still alive. The study targeted three groups of: 1. three persons of official 2. Three person of scholars 3. Norman person not more than four peoples.

The beginning of results showed that there are Muslim Kings and Muslim nobles in Siam, who had a huge role in getting involved of founding of the Kingdom, politics, Governance and culture of Siam. But the pressure from the country’s colonization of the Western powers who was hostile to the rich Islamic Empires until the fall of these empires, and the spread of Western civilization. Have a great influence to lose the history of Islam in Siam, lost by destroying evidence that its fact does not match with the policy of state convention, which was emphasis on one ethnicity and one religion, as the information and advice of scholars who favor Western and the persuasion from the great Western powers. The syllabus for studying of the history of Thailand has deliberately on non-mentioned, and if it is discussed It is mentioned in a manner that does not make these important persons to be known firsthand who those are Muslim, and not be used as an example persons in the struggle to protect the land for future generations.

The phenomenon which is the result of state convention is the mistaken attitude of some Thai people in the 20th century toward Muslim Thai. Because they think that Muslim Thai are (keik) or guests, and the definition of (keik) or guests are who lost the battle in the south of Thailand, who arrived in Thailand as a prisoner of war or residents, or who are not involved locally owned originally. Then honor and rights of Muslims people in Thailand is not equal to the Buddhist people although the human ancestors personnel of some of those Buddhist people came to live in this land not more than 100 years, but the fact is human ancestors personnel of Muslim Siamese arrived in this land more than 400 years or they were the original inhabitants who converted to Islam. The thinking as this is causing the ethnic and religious conflicts that cause the loss of invaluable with long time.

Such phenomena can be divided into three periods: the era of Western colonialism, the era of conflict between the world of liberal democracy to the countries ruled by philosophy of communism, and the start of World War III is being formed at this time, also found that those who run the country with their knowledge and understanding about Islam as well. They have decision-making process in the implementation of government policies with Muslim population vary.

(1)  The student Ph.D. Faculty of Islamic Studies College of Islamic Studies Prince of Songkla University (PSU).

(2) Assist. Prof. Dr. of Aqidah Islamiyah, Main Advisor, Faculty of Islamic Studies College of Islamic Studies Prince of Songkla University (PSU).

 

TOWARDS A COMMON ISLAMIC STUDIES PROGRAM IN NUSANTARA: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ibrahem Narongraksakhet; Dr. Ibrahim Lamine Sano

College of Islamic Studies, Prince of Songkla University

Pattani Campus, Thailand

 

ABSTRACT

The study of Islam in the Malay world is a long established tradition that has woven well into the fabric of the Malay society. It is hard to imagine a Malay without he being a Muslim, as Malay and Islam are considered as synonyms. This inextricable relation between Islam and Malay has led to the establishment of many religious institutions in the name of pondok, pasentran, or madrasah that have mushroomed in every locality of a Malay community. As most, if not all Malays follow the madhahb of Shafi’i school of Islamic law and are Ash‘arite in their religious thoughts, it is imperative that a common approach to teaching Islam in the region of Nusantara is urgently needed, when the influx of ideologies foreign to the established system of religious practice are introduced as part of reformation and progress that have only added to growing schism of the Muslim ummah. Thus this paper explores the prospects and challenges attached to such a venture. The writers believe that the time has come for such an introspective approach to be introduced so as to strengthen the moderate Malays of the Southeast Asia.

Keywords: Nusantara, Islamic education, Madrasah, Pondok, Pesantaran, education reform

 

LOOKING THROUGH THE STRENGTHENING OF THE SELECTED PROGRAM

Mohd Saiful Anwar Mohd Nawawi; Nurulhuda  Ahmad Zaki; Raihana Abdul Wahab; Mohammaddin Abdul Niri

Email: saifulnawawi@gmail.com

University of Malaya

 

ABSTRACT

Pelbagai model atau teori yang dicadang oleh pengkaji dalam menjelaskan hubungan sains dan agama, Salah satu cabang pengajian ilmu yang berkiatan dengan umat Islam dan Sains adalah ilmu falak. Dengan mengunakan data-data primier dan sekunder  kajian ini menjelaskan pendekatan integerasi sains dan Agama oleh  APIUM dalam menawarkan Program Sarjana Muda Syariah (Astronomi Islam) sejak tahun 2002. Artikel ini dibahagikan kepada empat bahagian utama. Pertama teori hubungan sains dan agama. Kedua; perkembangan penawaran Ilmu falak di Universiti  Awam Malaysia (UA). Ketiga; sejarah dan perkembangan Program Program Sarjana Muda Syariah (Astronomi Islam) di APIUM. Seterusnya cadangan penambahbaikan terhdap kelansungan program tersebut.

Keywords: Falak, Asronomi Islam, Sains

 

LEARNING MANAGEMENT BASED ON MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES IN MADRASAH

Herni Yuniarti Suhendi; Diah Mulhayatiah; Dindin Jamaluddin

Email: herni.suhendi@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

This research is motivated from the fact that the education system in Indonesia in general has not been able to be a solution for the social and moral backwardness of its people. Seen that still rampant juvenile delinquency, bullying, until the sexual harassment. One solution to improve moral degradation is through the management of learning that accommodates the potential of human intelligence that is plural. The research method used in this research is qualitative. This research was conducted in Madrasah School around Bandung. Data collection is done by providing questionnaires, interviews, and collecting data from other relevant sources. The results show that the management of learning based on Multiple Intelligences globally includes 3 stages; Relevant plural intelligence-based learning applied in Islamic education; Need an evaluation that facilitates the management of learning based on the Multiple Intelligences. The conclusion of this research is that learning management based on Multiple Intelligences should be applied in school so that students’ plural intelligence can be facilitated

Keywords: multiple intelligence, learning management, islamic education

 

LIFE SKILL EDUCATION BASED ON QUR’AN THROUGH BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION METHODS FOR CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME

Asti Meiza; Diah Puspasari; Kardinah

Email: asti.meiza@uinsgd.ac.id;

Email: diah_puspasari@yahoo.com;

Email: n.kardinah@gmail.com

Faculty of Psychology

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

The Holy Qur’an Surah An Nisa verses nine said that people must fear to let their child in weakly future even though they were special needs child. Statistics said that the presence of special needs kids have increased, particularly Indonesia. In 2015, there were 1,6 million children with special needs. This research subjects are children with Down Syndrome. Down Syndrome is a congenital disorder arising from a chromosome defect, causing intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities. As a country with a largest Moslem netizen, the Moslem parents in Indonesia, especially the parents of Down Syndrome’s child,  must teach life skill which based on the Holy Qur’an and Blessed Sunnah such as Thaharah (purification).  The method that was used is by Behavior modification through  shaping and chaining. Shaping is a way of adding behaviors to a person’s repertoar. Chaining is the reinforcement of succesive elements of a behavior chain. The research  methodology is an experimental psychology.

Keywords: thaharah, life skill, down syndrome, shaping and chaining method

 

A CONCEPT OF “REVELATION GUIDES SCIENCE (WAHYU MEMANDU  ILMU)” AS A SCIENTIFIC PARADIGM OF UIN SUNAN GUNUNG DJATI BANDUNG

Ratu Suntiah; Heni Maryamah; Maslani

Email: ratu.suntiah@uinsgd.ac.id

Email: henym.btn@gmail.com

Email: maslani@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

  

ABSTRACT

This study aims to know the sense of “revelation guides science” concept, a major component of wheel philosophy metaphor, “revelation guides science” background and the basic premise of the scientific paradigm of “revelation guides science” concept. The method used in this study was a qualitative approach with descriptive-analytic method. According to the study results on some literatures, the author concluded that the concept of “revelation guides science” interpreted as guiding, coaching or testing of “science” by the Koran and the Hadith. The wheel philosophy Metaphor has three main components, namely: as (shaft), alloy wheels (with its’ spokes), and the outer of tire (rubber tire). The background of “revelation guides science” was (1) the normative message of the Qur’an; (2) the historical experiences of Muslims from the 19th century until the 12th century AD, which was characterized by the rapid development of science and technology; (3) The internal crisis occurred in the structure and substance of modern science; (4) the apprehension over the negative impact of modern science for humans and the environment; (5) the empirical reality of contemporary Muslims when the level of science and technology mastery was relatively low; (6) the encouragement and internal dynamics of IAIN / STAIN in Indonesia; and (7) the globalization challenges. The basic premise of “revelation guides science” concept included: (1) Tauhid (monotheism) as a scholarly foundation; (2) The verses of Tanziliyah and kauniyah as sources of knowledge; (3) wahyu (revelation) and akal (mind) are not essentially contradictory; (4) rejects the dichotomy view against science; (5) the rejection of the claim which declared a science as value ​​free/ al-munfashilah ‘anal-qiimah; (6) the rejection of scientism ideology; (7) science as a way of worship to Allah; and (8) it was kindness oriented.

Keywords: concept, guide, paradigm, science, wahyu

 

STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY EDUCATION FOR 12 YEARS IN INCREASING EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION  (CASE STUDY AT THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE SUKABUMI WEST JAVA PROVINCE)

Dadan Ramadhan; Herni Yuniarti Suhendi

Email: abieramdhan@gmail.com

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

This research started from the problem that SMP/MTS (Junior high school) graduates can not completely continue to the secondary education (SMA/SMK/MA/other similar levels). The aim of this research is to obtain accurate data and information about the management of the 12 year-strategic secondary education in improving education participation in education and culture office of sukabumi city. This research is based on the theory of strategic management model of Hunger-Wheelen. The approach used in this research is qualitative with case study method. Data collection techniques are interview techniques, documentation, and observation. The Education and Culture Office of Sukabumi City has no vision and mission specifically for the implementation of secondary education for 12 years. The strategies undertaken for the implementation of secondary education for 12 years include giving the School-Free Card, Direct Student Help Card, Giving scholarships in form of smart cards from poor families. Implementation of 12 years of secondary education strategies based on programs, budgets and procedures. In general, the implementation of secondary education for 12 years can be said to be successful, but there are still two programs that have not been optimal, namely retrieval program and student threatened to drop out program. Strategy evaluation has been done according to the system, types, and the management. It was proven during the period 2008-2012 there was a significant increase in the Participation Rate of Rough and Pure Participation Rate of secondary education.

Keywords: Strategic Management; Secondary Education; Educational Participation

 

SPIRITUALITY OF NEW GOVERNMENT MOVEMENT IN INDONESIA

Tracking the New Religious Movement in Indonesia

Juhana Nasrudin

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

Indonesian society is a society that has a very plurals religious tradition, not only mainstream institutionalized religion, but also local beliefs and still survive until now. The growth of the new religion movement in different parts of the world, although not labeled as formal religion (Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, etc.) is a socio-psychological phenomenon of loneliness and alienation.

This study aims to: (1) describe the excitement and development of New Religious Movement (NRM) spirituality in Indonesia; (2) to analyze the effect on social culture of Indonesian society. The object of this research is the phenomenon of the new religious movement which has become a separate phenomenon in Indonesian society, especially in decades by identifying various characteristics in it based on the analytical perspective of social analysis of religion.

This study is a qualitative study that uses a review of Sociology and Anthropology[1] analysis approach, while the data in this study comes from content analysis analyzed from various sources which then used as the second source, the source is taken from books related to Research, articles, journals, video recordings, electronic and print media.

The results of this study resulted in the following conclusions: (1) the excitement and development of the spirituality of the New Age movement developed very rapidly penetrated to various aspects of Indonesian society life and its development can not be dammed to change the paradigm of plural society life (2) The influence of NRM Movement can be felt in the order of life Society, social, economy, politics, education, psychology, etc., besides this is also the real cause of religious conflict where especially in Indonesia arise phenomenon of religious phenomenon. One way to overcome this is to look for a form of adulation and appreciation of religious values ​​that are healthier, sekurangkurangnya not cause adverse effects to the community.

Keyword : Spirituality, and the New Age Movement

 

THE PENETRATION OF SUNDANESE CULTURE ON THE INTERPRETATION OF HADITH ON JIHAD AND THE STRENGTENING OF RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE OF WEST JAVA SOCIETY

Tajul Arifin; Boedi Abdullah

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

West Java is Indonesia’s most populous province, 46,709,569 inhabitants, but it has a high quality of religious tolerance. There is hardly any major conflict among religious people and places of worship everywhere. The purpose of this study was to analyze the penetration of Sundanese Culture among lecturers of Hadith at UIN (State Islamic Univerity) Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung in interpreting Hadith on jihad and its influence on the strengthening religious tolerance among West Java society.  This research applies descriptive analytical method. Primary data sources were lecturers of Hadith of UIN Bandung and community leaders of West Java; while the secondary data source was the result of research in this issue. The primary data were collected through observation, Focused Group Discussion, and in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed by using qualitative data analysis technique. The result of the research showed that the softness of Sundanese Culture has strongly penetrated on the interpretation of Hadith on jihad among the lecturers of Hadith at UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.  The way of interpreting Hadith on jihad among them has produced the harmony of coexistence between the intercultural and inter-society of West Java society were well preserved, very rarely conflict, the cooperation between them was quite good. Briefly, the researchers argued that the existence of UIN Bandung has given important contribution to the development of religious tolerance in West Java. This finding will have great impact on the efforts of strengthening religious tolerance anywhere in Indonesia.

Keywords: Development, Hadith, religious tolerance, Sundanese culture.

 

MAHASANTRI SATISFACTION TOWARDS THE UNIVERSITY BOARDING SCHOOL: A SERVICE QUALITY APPROACH IN ISLAMIC HIGHER EDUCATION.

Dindin Jamaluddin1; Nurul Hilaliyah2; Siti Nuraeni Muhtar1

Email: din2jamaluddin@uinsgd.ac.id

1UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung; 2Institut Manajemen Koperasi Indonesia (IKOPIN);

 

ABSTRACT

Mahasantri (an Islamic university students) is an agent for Islamic Higher Education Institution to face the Moderate Islam Malay Era. In Indonesia, for example, there is a university boarding school program for Mahasantri to improve their personality and competence. This study is trying to find out whether the program has been aligned with their satisfaction. One of service they received in the boarding is English Language Learning program. They are going to be interviewed about their satisfaction toward the program. Then, the interview result will be analyzed to generate the satisfaction indicator referring to five dimensions of Service Quality (SQ) by Parasuraman and Berry (1991).

 

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE : THE RELATION WITH STUDENT’S READING HABITS

Diah Mulhayatiah1); Riva Lesta Ariany 2); Herni Yuniarti Suhendi 1)

Email: diahmulhayatiah@uinsgd.ac.id

1)Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung 40614, Indonesia

2)Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung 40614, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

The formation of a whole human character can be cultivated through learning. Appropriate learning process can be applied based on multiple intelligences. Various kinds of multiple intelligences can lead learners to become a holistic human being. This multiple intelligence can be formed by the human habit to make reading as a habit. The correlation of multiple intelligence level with student’s reading habit is the main purpose of this research. Research method used is correrational research. Population and sample of this research is third year student of physics education which amounted to 65 people. The research instrument used is a multiple intelligence questionnaire of 40 statements and a questionnaire of student reading habits of 30 statements. The data obtained is calculated by correlation test using SPSS program The conclusion of the research result stated that there is a significant correlation between the level of students’ multiple intelligence with reading habit. The level of students’ multiple intelligences is also influenced by previous education background and gender.

Keywords: reading literacy, 21st skill, linguistic intelligence, books

 

ANGER AND ITS EXPRESSIONS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Fridayanti; Elis Anisah Fitriah

Email: fridayanti@uinsgd.ac.id

Email : elisanisahfitriah@gmail.com

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

The adolescent is a development phase that usually related to their emotional problem, including anger. The aim of this study was to understand how the adolescents experiencing anger and how they express it. A total number of 697 high school students from Bandung and Tasikmalaya were involved. Data were collected using an open ended questionnaire asking about factors that make the subjects’ most angry and how they to express it.  The responses then analyzed by categorization in broad and specified theme. The findings suggest that there were three factors that make the adolescents angry: events or conditions, people, and other things.  The expression of anger been dominated by passive non-verbal expressions (47,67%), nonverbal aggressive (20%), verbal aggressive (18,4%) verbal assertive (6,9%) verbal passive (3,7%) and non-verbal assertive (3,3%).  An interesting finding in the expression of anger in the subject of this study that was the behavior associated with the values of Islam such as taking wudhu, istigfhar, pray, be patient and sincere, as well as perform sholat.. This study suggests that the most of subject prefer to internalize their feelings of anger rather than express it to the people who are the source of anger physically or psychologically.

Keywords: Adolescent, anger, expression of emotion

 

QUALITY OF LEARNING AT ISLAMIC HIGHER EDUCATION

Ara Hidayat; Riva Lesta Ariany

Email : arahidayat@uinsgd.ac.id

Email: rivalestaariany@uinsgd.ac.id

Faculty of tarbiya and teacher training, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung

Jl. A.H. Nasution No.105 Bandung, West Java Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

The quality of  Islamic education is generally influenced by several factors, among other things: leadership, organizational culture and lecturer competence versus faculty student ratio. The factors above are most likely to influence and impact the quality of education process in general. This study aims to determine how quality learning management,  organization culture and performance lecturers influence quality of learning at Islamic Higher Education. The research employed a survey method. The results of this study show that developing management quality of learning is continuous lecturer development, lecturer plays an important role in developing a quality learning.

Keywords: Learning Management, Quality Learning.

 

FUTURE DIRECTION OF DEVELOPING ISLAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY

Fridayanti

Email: fridayanti@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

In today’s global world where life seems to fast often cause problems in individual mental health. Islamic teachings should be able to give an answer also to the mental health problems of individuals, particularly, through efforts in developing Islamic psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is the western term that   widely applied in the fields of psychiatry and psychology, however the Islamic world was earlier in introducing the method of psychology. This paper focuses on describing and analysing the western concept and Islamic concept of psychotherapy. In the first section, this paper discusses several definitions of the term psychotherapy in language and psychological terms, the purpose of psytherapy and the method.  In the second section this paper compares  the concept of western psychotherapy with the Islamic psychological treatment method used by an earlier Islamic scholar. The analyse shows  that there are significance differences, especially  in term of pupose and the concept of man.  This analysis then  used to explain the future direction of development Islamic psychothephy for helping people and society.

Keywords: The structure of man, the concept of the self,  tazkiyatun nafs, riyadhah.

 

ASPIRATION OF HUDUD IMPLEMENTATION IN MALAYSIA: A REVIEW FROM WASATIYYAH PERSPECTIVE 

Shahidra Abdul Khalil; Siti Zubaidah Ismail

Email: shahidra@um.edu.my

Email: szubaida@um.edu.my

Department of Fiqh and Usul, Academy of Islamic Studies University of Malaya, Malaysia

Department of Shariah and Law, Academy of Islamic Studies University of Malaya, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Ambition to implement Islamic criminal law in total as a national legal system will not be successful until the society understands the fact about hudud. This is a big challenge to multiracial and multi-religious country of Malaysia as the laws have been overshadowed by the harsh implementation of the similar laws in other countries. In order to balance the fear and bad perception towards the law, the moderation concept must be embraced by the Shariah lawmaker as Islam encourages moderation in all Muslim’s affairs and link it to success. This paper aims to study the development of hudud aspiration in Malaysia. Approaches used in introducing the laws and its effect to the public perceptions also analysed. This study employs descriptive analysis methodology. Data gathered from academic literatures as well as reports and commentaries in the mainstream media. The study found that Malaysian society perceived the hudud issue with various queries. After 24 years, the very same questions still inquired as profound and convincing answers rarely publicized. Even worse, in the recent development, public incline to the idea that hudud is a political agenda rather than for religious purposes. Thus, moderate approach to hudud aspiration in Malaysia in future is discussed.

Keywords: Hudud, Islamic criminal law, wasatiyyah, moderate.

 

MANAGEMENT OF ZAKAT OF PROFESSION AND THE ALLEVIATION OF RELIGIOUS LIFE IN BANJAR MUNICIPALITY OF WEST JAVA

Iding1; J. Haryono2;and T. Arifin3

Email: tajularifin64@uinsgd.ac.id

1Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Jl. A.H. Nasution 105 Bandung

2,3 Fakultas Syari’ah dan Hukum,

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

The government of Banjar Municipality through its Baznas collects zakat of profession of all civil servants in the region and use it to improve the quality of religious life and Banjar community poverty alleviation. The purpose of this study was to find out the areas of religious development be a priority in the distribution of zakat of profession and the development of religious life after the policy of the use of zakat of profession. This study uses a qualitative method. The main data source is the caretaker of Baznas Banjar, Deputy Mayor, and several religious leaders and community leaders of Banjar. Data collected through observation, interviews, documentary studies, and literature. Data were analyzed using qualitative data analysis techniques. The results showed that religious program priorities that has been targeted by the use of zakat of profession was Program Banjar Taqwa, Program Banjar Cerdas, and Program Banjar Peduli. In addition, the development of religious life in Banjar after the implementation of the policy of the use of zakat of profession has increased significantly; among religious activities are very visible increase Program Maghrib Mengaji. This research finding will have great impact on the development of religious life in other municipalities or districts in Indonesia and in other countries through the application of similar policy.

Keywords: Poverty alleviation, religious life, zakat of profession

 

EVALUATING TSUNAMI MITIGATION FOR STUDENTS AS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT BASED ON RESEARCH IN PANGANDARAN

Lia Kamelia; Eki Ahmad Zaki Hamidi; Dian Nuraiman; Yoga Gumilar

Email: lia.kamelia@uinsgd.ac.id ; ekiahmadzaki@uinsgd.ac.id,  dianuraiman@uinsgd.ac.id

Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung , Indonesia

ABSTRACT

Indonesia has a high degree of vulnerability to tsunami hazards. Until now Indonesia has the highest number of casualties due to the tsunami disaster. To reduce the casualties and environmental damage caused by the tsunami, one that can be done is to educate about disaster mitigation to people living in tsunami prone areas. Mitigation is a series of efforts to reduce disaster risks, both through physical development and awareness and capacity building for disaster threats. The paper discussed about implementation of community service and dissemination of research about the recommendation of embankment construction to withstand tidal wave. The paper proposed 6 stages of implementation namely problem analysis, problem solving technology, asset mapping, networking, action research and evaluation. The results of pre test and post test analysis showed significant changes after the training that is an increase in understanding about tsunami mitigation by 78%.

Keywords: disaster, mitigation, student, tsunami.

 

ISLAM AND LOCAL WISDOM

(Theological Perspective Of The Relationship Between Religion And Culture In Kampung Pulo And Kampung Naga)

Nurrohman; Abd. Hannan EF; Hasan Bisri

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

 

ABSTRACT

Since its birth, Islam can not be separated from traditions and cultures. Not all local traditions and cultures are rejected or destroyed by Islam, as long as it does not deviate from the basic principles of Islam. This is what is called the uruf in the Qur’an. However, since the emergence of puritanic Salafi Wahabism, the tradition which still associated with the previous religion, such as Hindu and Buddha, often stigmatizwed as syncretic, heretic and not properly and completely practiced sharia. The focus of the study is to describe the relationship between religion and culture in Muslim community living in Kampong Pulo and Kampung Naga. The type of research is decricptive explanatory. Data was collected from documents or library, observation and interview with several figures which were purposively chosen. The type of data consisted: 1) a brief history of this community, 2) the religious system of this community 3) the forms of local wisdom practiced by this community. These data will be analized to explain how religion and culture build harmonious relationship, and then it also be analized further to determine the kind of theology and the model of sharia that was practiced.

Keywords: local wisdom, syncretism, puritanism, sharia

 

 

EPISTEMOLOGICAL CONSTRUCTION OF TAFSIR MIN WAHY AL-QUR’AN

Ade Jamarudin, MA ; Parluhutan Siregar, S.Ud, MA

 

ABSTRACT

The development of the Qur’anic commentary will always correspond with the development of the reality that melatarinya. From time to time, there is always epistemological renewal in the study, from the formative phase to the advent of the reformative era. In this case, the interrelationship between the interpreter as the author on the one hand, with the text that becomes the fruit of his work, on the other hand becomes significant to talk about. One of the most recent trends in this regard is the orientation of movement (haraki) in the Qur’anic commentary. One of the representative exponents was Muhammad Husain Fadlullah who was mentioned as a spiritual mentor of the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon. In this case, one of his monumental works, Tafsir min Wahy al-Qur’an referesentation a work of tafsir full of nuances of movement. In particular, this paper discusses some of the epistemological aspects of the Tafsir min Wahy al-Qur’an including Fadlullah’s view of the Qur’an and its interpretations, sources, methods, and the validity of its interpretation.

Keyword: Epistimological, Construction, Tafsir Min Wahy al-Qur’an

 

STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF TWELVE YEARS SECONDARY EDUCATION IN INCREASING EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION

Dadan F. Ramdhan; Isop Syafe’i; Nanang Kosim; Yayan Carlian

Email: dadanramdhan74@uinsgd.ac.id

Email: Isop.syafei@uinsgd.ac.id

Email: Nanang.kosim@uinsgd.ac.id

Email: Yayan.carlian@uinsgd.ac.id

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

This research started from the problem that SMP/MTS (Junior high school) graduates cannot completely continue to the secondary education (SMA/SMK/MA/other similar levels). The aim of this research is to obtain accurate data and information about the management of the twelve years strategic secondary education in improving education participation in education and culture office of Sukabumi city. This research is based on the theory of strategic management model of Hunger-Wheelen. The approach used in this research is qualitative with case study method. Data collection techniques are using interview techniques, documentation, and observation. The Education and Culture Office of Sukabumi City has no specific vision and mission for the implementation of twelve years secondary education. The strategies undertaken for the implementation of twelve years secondary education include giving the School-Free Card, Direct Student Help Card, and giving scholarships in form of smart cards from poor families. The implementation of twelve years secondary education strategies were based on programs, budgets and procedures. In general, the implementation of twelve years secondary education can be said to be successful, but there are still two programs; which have not been optimal, namely retrieval program and student threatened to drop out program. Strategy evaluation has been done according to the system, types, and the management. It was proven during the period 2008-2012 there was a significant increase in the Participation Rate of Rough and Pure Participation Rate of secondary education.

Keywords: Educational Participation, Strategic Management, Twelve Years Secondary Education